9: Section 1
tools (Part 2)
are going to have a look at some more aids to your study
of the Bible. Most of these are rather more advanced
than the previous ones. We are also going to look a
little closer at the different translations available.
It will help you to know more about the different Bibles
give the geographical background to the Bible, and often
provide additional information to fill out the Bible
Macmillan Bible Atlas
Oxford Bible Atlas
Times Bible Atlas
give historical background to Bible times. There are
many history books available; probably your local library
is a good place to start if you want background to a
specific period. There are two very useful atlases of
Times Atlas of World History
Penguin Atlas of World History (2 parts)
very useful book is Longman’s Chronicle of the
World, which presents the sweep of world history
as newspaper reports and pictures.
of these books are expensive, but are generally available
in the larger reference libraries.
of the Bible
looked briefly at translations in the first session.
We are now going to look in more detail at the various
translations of the English Bible.
are four different types of translation:-
are translations where each original word is translated
as accurately as possible into English.
of this type are:-
Authorised Version (also called the King James Version)
Revised Standard Version
New King James Version
American Standard Version
are translations where the principle of "dynamic
equivalence" is used in translation. This means
that the translators put difficult phrases into modern
English in an attempt to give what the translators
believe is the meaning of such phrases.
of this type are:-
New English Bible
New International Version (of which there are four
New Revised Standard Version
New American Standard Version
Revised English Bible
are versions produced by, and mainly used by, the
Roman Catholic Church.
Douai / Rheims Version
are versions where the principle of "dynamic
equivalence" has been carried a stage further
from the "phrase-for-phrase" versions. They
make very easy reading, but they are the furthest
away from reflecting the meaning of the original text.
of paraphrase versions are:-
Phillips (Minor Prophets and New Testament)
Interlinear Bible is popular with some Bible students.
This edition is two versions in one - the Authorised
and Revised Versions. Where the two versions vary in
translation of the original, the text is split and reduced
in size; the AV text is below with the RV text above
it. This means that the two versions can be compared
are other parallel versions available where two versions
are side by side on each page. Examples are the New
King James Version parallel with King James Version,
and the New International Version parallel with the
King James Version. Large Print and Wide Margin versions
are also available.
of these special Bibles are expensive, so we recommend
that you see a particular Bible before buying it to
make sure that it is right for you.