3: Section 1
review of the first two sessions
we also remind you that, if you have any problems, we
can arrange e-mail
discussion? Bible study is much more rewarding if
we can discuss it with other people.
looked at the importance of studying the Bible.
saw that questions about Bible teaching are answered
by looking in the Bible.
for Bible echoes is a very good way of
reading the Bible effectively.
saw that Genesis is the foundation of the rest of
the Bible. We saw that it contains the start of Godís
plan, which can include us.
also saw that the Old Testament is the foundation
of the New Testament.
contents page of the Bible shows how the Bible is divided
up into two parts - the Old and New Testaments.
word testament means a covenant, an agreement,
a promise, or a contract between two parties.
teaching of the Bible is based upon covenants or agreements.
These contain promises that God made with men and women
in times past.
agreements or covenants between God and mankind form
the basis of Godís plan and tell us what God intends
to do. Many of us enter into agreements or contracts
of various kinds, for example contracts of employment
and loan agreements. These contracts always spell out
agreements are the same. He has spelled out clearly what
is involved, the responsibilities of both Himself and
us. Sometimes these agreements have conditions attached,
at other times they do not.
is being agreed to
benefits both parties can expect
responsibilities of both sides
consequences of breaking the agreement.
of the earliest covenants was made following the great
flood which destroyed all land- based life except that
in the ark with Noah.
Genesis 9 v 8 to 17
notice that this is an unconditional agreement - more
of a promise. God is assuring us that He will never
again destroy all land - based life with a flood.
next covenant marks the start of Godís plan to remedy
the effects of our rebellion against Him
Genesis 15 v 18 to 21
notice that it is unconditional. God is going to give
a specific land to Abrahamís descendants (or seed
in the Authorised Version).
agreement is then expanded:
Genesis 17 v 1 to 9
is the agreement setting out the special relationship
between God and the Jews which continues throughout
the rest of the Bible. God renewed this agreement with
the new nation of Israel when they came out of Egypt.
Exodus 24 v 1 to 8
that this covenant is conditional on the people obeying
Godís commands. This covenant was based on the forgiveness
of sins through the Law of Moses and the sacrifice of
was one special day of sacrifice called the day
of atonement when the whole nation of Israel had
its sins forgiven. This was the day when sin was atoned
or covered. This principle of forgiveness
through the sacrifice of animals is clearly spelled
out in the regulations given for that special day.
Leviticus 16 v 27 to 30
an animal was sacrificed the person who offered the
sacrifice was in effect saying that God was right to
condemn rebellion against Him, and that the animal represented
what should happen to the person offering the sacrifice.
These animals were important and valuable to the people,
so making such a sacrifice was not a mere formality.
first phase of Godís covenant is sometimes referred
to as the Old Covenant or Testament. This is why the
first two thirds of the Bible is called the Old
second phase, sometimes called the New Testament,
has to do with the work of the Lord Jesus Christ.
before he died, Jesus made it clear that he was establishing
a new covenant:
Matthew 26 v 26 to 28
again that blood is shed to establish the covenant,
and that the covenant is concerned with forgiveness
of our sin or rebellion.
apostle Peter shows clearly in one of his speeches that
the work of Jesus is closely connected with the covenants
made to the nation of Israel.
Acts 3 v 19 to 26
can see some of the aspects of an agreement here:
responsibilities: blessing and forgiveness to those
who repent and are converted
responsibilities: repentance and conversion
(v 19). We will look at the meaning of these words later
on in the course.
has made clear agreements with men and women.
terms and conditions are clearly laid out in the Bible.
Bible has an Old and New Testament.
Both of these testaments or covenants are concerned
with the forgiveness of our rebellion against God.
Old Testament concerned the forgiveness offered to
the nation of Israel through the sacrifice of animals.
New Testament concerns the forgiveness offered to
all people through the death of the Lord Jesus Christ.
covenants in relation to Israel and us
is interesting and informative to follow through the
Bible the covenants and promises that God has made.
12 v 1 to 3 and 13 v 14 to 17
26 v 2 to 4
28 v 13 to 15
Abrahams decendants (the Jews)
17 v 7 to 9
David (Israels second King)
Samuel v 12 to 16
1 v 31 and 32
13 v 28
2 v 29 to 32 and 38 to 42
3 v 19 to 26
3 v 26 to 29
at all of these references and the surrounding verses
and write down what they tell us about Godís covenants
in relation to both Israel and us.