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Matthew

Author – Matthew
Time – 4 B.C. to 30 A.D.

Summary – Matthewís Gospel is aimed at a Jewish audience. Its purpose is to witness that Jesus was the promised Messiah of the Old Testament. Matthew emphasises the words of the Lord regarding the Kingdom of Heaven. This was done to counterbalance the popular Jewish belief of the day that the Messiah would be a militant leader who would overthrow the current Roman occupation and re–establish the throne of David.

Key Verse – "Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham" Matthew 1 v 1

Unique Features – Matthew makes no less than sixty references to the Old Testament writings as fulfilled in Christ, so that the word " fulfilled" becomes characteristic of the book. The word "Kingdom" occurs fifty–five times; "Kingdom of Heaven" thirty–two times; "Son of David" seven times. The Jews laid great store on Scripture, and this Gospel, written particularly for them, abounds in such references.

Preparation – Chapter 1 v 1 to 4 v 11
Passage
Subject

1 v 2 to 2 v 23

Jesusí birth

3 v 1 to 17

His baptism

4 v 1 to 11

His temptations


Preaching – Chapter 4 v 12 to 7 v 29
Passage
Subject

4 v 12 to 25

Proclaiming the Kingdom

5 v 1 to 7 v 29

What Jesus taught


Eleven works showing Christís ability to rule – Chapter 8 v 1 to 10 v 42
Passage
Subject

8 v 1 to 4

The cleansing of the leper

8 v 5 to 13

Centurionís servant healed of palsy

8 v 14 to 15

Peterís wifeís motherís fever

8 v 16 to 27

The stilling of the storm

8 v 28 to 34

Gergesene demoniacs healed

9 v 1 to 17

The man cured of the palsy

9 v 18 to 22

The woman with haemorrhage

9 v 23 to 26

The rulerís daughter raised

9 v 27 to 31

Two blind men given sight

9 v 32 to 38

The dumb demoniac healed

10 v 1 to 42

The Apostles empowered to preach

There are a couple of digressions – see Chapter 8 v 18 to 22, 9 v 9 to 17 – but they are related to the miracles performed; the miracles revealed physically what the Gospel can do spiritually.

What people thought: Reactions to his call – Chapter 11 v 1 to 18 v 35
Passage
Subject

11 v 1 to 15

John the Baptist – in doubt

11 v 16 to 19

"This generation" – unresponsive

11 v 20 to 30

Galilean cities – unrepentant

12 v 1 to 45

The Pharisees – unreasonable

12 v 46 to 50

His family – misunderstanding

13 v 1 to 58

The multitudes – undiscerning

14 v 1 to 13

Herod the king – unintelligent

14 v 14 to 36

The disciples – of little faith

15 v 1 to 20

Jerusalem scribe – unimpressionable

15 v 21 to 39

Gentile multitudes – seeking

16 v 1 to 12

Pharisees, Sadducees – unrelenting

16 v 13 to 18 v 35

The Apostles – needing education


Passover – Chapter 19 v 1 to 28 v 20
Passage
Subject

19 v 1 to 25 v 46

Parables and entry into Jerusalem

26 v 1 to 27 v 66

Arrest, trial and crucifixion

28 v 1 to 20

Resurrection


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