Back to Main Menu
This appendix gives a glossary of 59 words which are used in the Bible but are not in common use.
A - G H - M P - R S - T
angel

A messenger, usually from God.

"Now an angel of the Lord said to Philip, ‘Go south to the road—the desert road—that goes down from Jerusalem to Gaza." (Acts 8:26)

antichrist

Someone in opposition to Christ.

"Dear children, this is the last hour, and as you have heard that the antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come. This is how we know it is the last hour." (1 John 2:18)

apostle

messenger, one sent

"I was appointed a herald and an apostle—I am telling the truth, I am not lying—and a teacher of the one true faith to the Gentiles." (1 Timothy 2:7)

atonement

reconciliation, the process by which God and man become "at one".

"For this reason he [Jesus] had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people." (Hebrews 2:17)

baptism

immersion, submersion in water, to dip (in dye).

"We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life". (Romans 6:4)

blasphemy

profane talk, words slanderously spoken. Blasphemy against God is to limit or discredit his power.

"And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven." (Matthew 12:31)

cherubim

flying creatures which seem to have been used as guards by God in the Old Testament. Cherubim is the plural of cherub.

"After he drove the man out, [God] placed on the east side of the garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life." (Genesis 3:24)

Christ

anointed; Greek form of Hebrew word Messiah

"Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?" Mark 14-61

church

an assembly or gathering of people. In the New Testament it means the faithful in Christ. It can be used of all the faithful or of a local congregation. The New Testament church is a group of people not a building.

"If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, treat him as you would a pagan or a tax collector." (Matthew 18:17)

circumcision

cutting off the foreskin. Required of all Jewish males.

"You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you". (Genesis 17:11).

covet

To earnestly want material possessions, particularly something belonging to someone else, and without regard to the rights of others.

"You shall not covet your neighbour's house. You shall not covet your neighbour's wife, . . . or anything that belongs to your neighbour." (Exodus 20:17)

crucifixion

an ancient method of execution where the victim was bound alive to a cross. It resulted in a slow and painful death.

"He had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified" (Matthew 27:26)

demon

an evil spirit. In the New Testament, people with illnesses are described as "having demons". This reflects the medical thinking of the day.

"A man approached Jesus and knelt before him. ‘Lord have mercy on my son,’ he said. ‘He has seizures and is suffering greatly.’ . . . Jesus rebuked the demon. and it came out of the boy, and he was healed from that moment." (Matthew 17:14–18)

devil

false accuser, one prone to slander

"The Jesus replied, "Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil." (John 6:70)

disciple

a learner, pupil, student

"The disciple is not above his teacher; but everyone who is fully trained will be like his teacher." (Luke 6:40)

eternal

age lasting, perpetual

"[Jesus] became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him." (Hebrews 5:9)

exhort

Admonish, entreat, warn, urge.

"Finally, brethren, we beseech and exhort you in the Lord Jesus, that as you learned from us how you ought to live and to please God, just as you are doing, you do so more and more." (1 Thessalonians 4:1)

faith

belief or trust

"Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do no see." (Hebrews 11:1)

Gentile

A person who is not a Jew. The New Testament sometimes uses the word ‘Greek’ to mean gentile, even if the person is not actually Greek.

". . . but glory, honour and peace for everyone who does good: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile." (Romans 2:10)

God
usually a translation of the Hebrew "elohim" or the Greek "theos". It means God as Creator and ruler, the Almighty One.
gospel

glad tidings or good news

"And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all kinds of sickness and all kinds of disease among the people". (Matthew 4:23)

A - G H - M P - R S - T
Back to Main Menu