Time : 970 586 B.C.
In the original Hebrew texts, these books were regarded as one book.
The two books contain the history of the Jewish monarchy from the
death of David (around 970 B.C.) to the Babylonian exile (586 B.C.)
They trace the division of the Jewish nation into the Kingdom of
Judah in the south and the Kingdom of Israel in the north. 1 &
2 Kings record Israels history from a religious, rather than
a civil, viewpoint. As such, it records the religious progress of
the nation and sets forth the various steps in the moral growth
and decay of the kingdom. 1 Kings opens with Israel in its glory,
and 2 Kings closes with Israel in ruins. The purpose of the Book
of Kings is to record the lives and characters of the nations
leaders as a warning and exhortation to all subsequent generations
of covenant bearers.
Key verses :
"Be strong, show yourself a man, and obverse what the Lord
your God requires: Walk in his ways, and keep his decrees and commands,
his laws and requirements . . . so that you may prosper in all you
do and wherever you go" (1 Kings 2:2-3).
"The Lord rejected all the people of Israel; he afflicted them
and gave them into the hands of plunderers, until he thrust them
from his presence." (2 Kings 17:20)
Main people : David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Nathan, Jeroboam,
Ahab, Jezebel, Elijah, Elisha, Jehu, Jeroboam II, Joash, Ahaz, Hezekiah,
Isaiah, Manasseh, Josiah.